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  • On-Track Safety

Confined Space Entry: Practical Solutions for Health and Safety

Confined spaces present a number of safety challenges to workers and employers. According to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), there were over 13,000 serious injuries and over 600 deaths related to confined space entry in Canada between 2006 and 2016. It's important for employers to have a comprehensive health and safety plan to protect their employees and make sure that they are properly trained and equipped to handle these types of situations.


What Is a Confined Space?

A confined space is an enclosed area that is not designed for continuous human occupancy and presents a risk of death or serious injury due to its design, construction, or contents. This can include storage tanks, boilers, silos, pits, trenches, and other similar areas.


Why Is Confined Space Entry Dangerous?

Confined spaces present a number of unique safety risks to workers, including the presence of hazardous atmospheres, lack of oxygen, and the potential for engulfment. These confined spaces are often poorly ventilated, making it difficult for workers to detect any hazardous conditions. The risk of explosion or fire is also a serious concern.


Practical Solutions for Confined Space Entry

There are a number of practical steps that employers can take to ensure the safety of their workers when dealing with confined spaces.

  • Establish a Confined Space Entry Program: Establishing a comprehensive confined space entry program is the best way to ensure the safety of your workers. This program should include a detailed hazard assessment of the space, worker training, and the use of proper safety equipment.

  • Set Up a Monitoring System: Employers should set up a monitoring system to ensure that the space is safe for entry. This should include testing for the presence of hazardous atmospheres, such as oxygen deficiency or the presence of combustible gases.

  • Ensure Proper Ventilation: If a confined space is poorly ventilated, it can be difficult to detect any hazardous conditions. It's important to ensure that the space is adequately ventilated before allowing workers to enter.

  • Provide Adequate Lighting: Proper lighting is essential in confined spaces to ensure that workers can safely navigate their way through the space. This can be done through the use of flashlights, headlamps, or portable lighting systems.

  • Provide the Proper Safety Equipment: Employers should provide their workers with the proper safety equipment, such as respiratory protection, protective clothing, and fall protection.

  • Establish an Emergency Response Plan: In the event of an emergency, it's important to have a plan in place to ensure the safety of your workers. This plan should include proper evacuation procedures, contact information for emergency services, and rescue plans.

  • Regularly Inspect the Space: Employers should regularly inspect the confined space for any potential hazards or changes in conditions.

  • Provide Worker Training: It's important to provide your workers with the proper training to ensure that they understand the hazards associated with confined space entry and can safely navigate the space.


Confined space entry presents a number of unique safety risks to workers and employers. It's important for employers to have a comprehensive health and safety plan in place to ensure the safety of their workers. This should include a combination of proper training and safety protocols, the use of appropriate equipment, and the establishment of an emergency response plan. By taking these proactive steps, employers can reduce the risk of injury or death associated with confined space entry.

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